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Properties of 2D Shapes

Properties of Shapes

Knowing the properties of of 2D shapes is basic but important skill. Depending on if the shapes are equilateral, their properties may vary. Underneath, we have explained the properties for as many types of this shape as possible.
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Square

4 equal sides 4 equal angles (90°) 4 axes of symmetry

Rectangle

2 sets of 2 equal sides 4 equal angles (90°) 2 axes of symmetry

Triangle

Can have no, 2 or 3 equal sides Can have no, 2 or 4 equal angles Can have up to 2 axes of symmetry

Circle

Constant diameter and radius Almost infinite axes of symmetry going through the centre

Pentagon

5 sides (can be equal) 5 angles (can be equal) Can have up to 5 axes of symmetry

Hexagon

6 sides (can be equal) 6 angles (can be equal) Can have up to 6 axes of symmetry

Octagon

8 sides (can be equal) 8 angles (can be equal) Can have up to 8 axes of symmetry

Parallelogram

2 sets of 2 equal sides 2 sets of 2 equal angles Usually no axes of symmetry

Rhombus

All sides the same length 2 sets of 2 equal angles 2 lines of symmetry

Trapezium

At least 2 parallel sides Can have pairs of equal angles Can have a line of symmetry

Learn More!

Now that you are pretty familiar with 2D shapes its time to have a look at angles. Studying angles will improve your general understanding of shapes. You can also select a different topic from our library. Please share this page if you like it or found it helpful!
Angles Pythagoras Theorem Trigonometry
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Chapter 26:  Learning Outcomes Students will learn about the properties of 2D Shapes (including number of sides, the sizes of angles and the axes of symmetry!

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