 # Multiplication & Division

## Mental Multiplication

### Setting up the Calculation

To start off, you must write the number that you want to divide by and then next to it on the right the number that you want to divide. Then put a line that goes up between the two numbers and then right above the number you want to divide as shown in the example on the right.

### Solving the Problem

So that you can practise the times tables offline, we have created a PDF document with the times tables. You can download this document and view or print it using your computer. The link to the file is located underneath. Example 1 In this example, we have multiplied every digit in the bottom row by the number in the top row before adding the two products together. Example 2 In this example, we have used long multiplication to calculate with two 3-digit numbers. The method is the same.  Example 3 In this example, we have used long multiplication to solve a multiplication problem with one 3-digit and one 4-digit number. Example 1 In this example, we have use long division to solve a complex division problem. The answer turned out to be a full number, so we did not have to add any zeros. Example 2 In this example, we have use long division to solve a complex division problem. Again, the answer is a whole number.
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