# Introduction to Graphic Calculators

## Introduction

A graphic calculator is special type of calculator that is able to sketch graphs, solve equations and perform other more complicated mathematical
operations. Your maths syllabus may require you to use a graphic calculator in your senior years in high school. This short introduction will outline how
to effectively use your graphic calculator for a range of different problems.
Please note that this tutorial is demonstrated on a Texas Instruments TI-84 calculator. However, this lesson also applies to most other graphic
calculators but the layout may be slightly different.
Calculating
This is a pretty obvious technique that is just included for completeness. Of course you can use your graphic calculator to
perform various calculations. To do this simply use the numbers and operation signs. Here are some useful buttons that will
help you:
•
SIN / COS / TAN : These allow you to solve trigonometrical problems.
•
SIN^-1 / COS^-1 / TAN^-1: The inverse of SIN/COS/TAN. These are usually found under 2ND > SIN / COS / TAN
•
To the power of (^) : The to the power of symbol allows you to square numbers, cube number, etc.
•
(....) : Brackets can be used to make sure that the order of operation of the calculation is right.
•
√ (sqrt) : The square root symbol allows you to square root numbers.
•
LOG : Logarithm base 10
•
LN : Natural log (logarithm base e)
•
← → (arrows) : arrows allow you to move around the calculation and delete or insert parts.
## MATH button

The MATH button on your graphical calculator offers you various additional features. The most important ones
include:
•
Frac : transforms a decimal into a fraction
•
Dec : transforms a fraction into a decimal
•
3√( : Cube roots numbers
•
x√( : Allows you to chose the type of root (eg: square root, cube root, etc.)
•
logBASE ( : allows you to find the log of something to any base
•
Solver... : Allows you to solve equations
## Sketching Graphs

This is probably the most important function of your graphic calculator. Graphing a function not only gives you an idea of what the graph looks like but
it also allows you to solve certain problems such as inequalities and quadratics. For sketching graphs it is highly profitable to have a graphic
calculator with a colour display as this will allow you to distinguish between different lines.
### Entering the Function

To enter a function into your graphic calculator, use the Y= button.
The panel underneath will come up. Now, all you have to do is type the function(s) you want to graph next to
the Y1=. You can enter up to 8 functions that can be plotted on one graph.
To type x click hit button seen underneath:
Once you have typed in the function, press ENTER.
### Graphing the Function

Once you have typed in all your equation in the Y= tab, all you have to do is hit the GRAPH button.
The graphs my take several second to sketch.
You may not be able to see your graphs very well or they may even be completely outside the range of the
axes. This can be solved by adjusting the zoom.
### Zooming

To change the zoom hit the ZOOM button
Here you have a list of options the most useful ones are:
•
ZBox: Allows you to make a box around the section you want to zoom into (enter > draw box > enter)
•
Zoom In / Out: Zooms in our out
•
ZStandard: Returns to standard zoom
•
ZTrig: Zoom for trigonometrical graphs
•
ZFit: Zooms to automatically fit the graph onto the coordinate grid
### Calculating

To calculate thinsg from yor graph, hit 2nd > TRACE (CALC)
Here you have a list of things you can calculate. Most of these settings require you to select right and left
bounds afterwards on the graph. The most important ones are:
•
value: allows you to select an x-coordinate. The calculator will then tell you the y-coordinate.
•
zero: finds axes intercepts (zeros) on the graph (must select bounds)
•
min/max: allows you to find local minima and maxima (must select bounds)
•
Intersect: allows you to find the point where two graphs intersect
### Table (Alternative to Graphing)

If you want to see specific values instead of a graph you can use the table function 2ND > GRAPH (TABLE)
Here you can then see the x values and corresponding y values for all the functions you have entered. In
some cases, this may be more useful than viewing the actual graph.
## MODE (Settings)

To change general settings hit the MODE button.
The following are common settings you may want to change:
•
Change calculator type: Switch between NORMAL / SCI / ENG
•
Units (angles): Change between Radians & Degrees
•
Answer (format): Choose whether you want your answers to be displayed in AUTO (calculator decides
depending on the answer), decimals or fractions.
•
Set date & time: Change the date and time your calculator uses.
## Conclusion

These are the basics that you should master when using your graphic calculator. Make sure you check back from time to time for more
detailed tutorials regarding graphic calculators. Make sure to check out our library for more lessons.

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Chapter 36: Learning Outcomes
Students will be introduced to graphic calculators!
Students will learn about the basic functionalities of graphic calculators!

## VIDEO LESSON:

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